The equipment and the clothing needed by a mountaineer varies depending on the
- The season (winter or summer)
- The time length of the route (if the route is for example 2 hours or 10 hours or several days)
- The altitude (notice that every 1000m altitude ,the temperature drops 7 degrees). When on the beach of Litochoro the temperature is 25 C on the top of Mount Olympus is 4 C.)
- The terrain of the route
These four factors differentiate the equipment. An ascent to Mount Olympus in the summer may come under the same conditions or even worse with a winter hike, for example, in the Mani region.
The clothes and equipment presented are marked W (Winter) and S (Summer) depending on the season used. This information applies to Greece and not to other countries.
Route duration one-day or more
During the route, the clothing should be light, but it must be good during the stops. The warmest clothes (jacket-fleece) are used only at the stops and rarely during the route , except for a few cases for Greece, where the cold is dull but even then a jacket over a thermal underwear or a shirt is enough.
- Mountaineering shoes (depending on the season) There are three types
S – Simple trekking. Shoes or boots with flexible sole that are not waterproof. Suitable for summer and for routes up to 5-6 hours
S-W – Semi-rigid. Boots that have a semi-rigid sole .They are anatomically shaped, waterproof and cover the ankle. Suitable for the three seasons of the year, except the winter..
W- Rigid. – Heavy boots with rigid sole. Suitable for winter .They are warm, anatomically shaped and waterproof. They are not suitable for walking on earth roads.
- S-W – Socks. Old woolen socks have been replaced with socks made of wool and artificial fibers. A pair is enough for modern mountaineering shoes. It is useful to have another pair in his backpack.
- S-W – Trousers. The quality depends on the season. Generally it must be durable so it does not tear easily. For autumn and winter it must be made of hydrophobic material It must be wide enough to make movement comfortable. Unsuitable pants are the jeans and generally all the trousers that make the user sweat water and are not water repellent. Also avoid shorts, they are unsuitable for the mountain.
- S-W – Thermal Underwear Blouse. Made of artificial fibers, it is ideal for not allergic people. It has replaced the shirt that is worn only at the end of the route. The thermal underwear is breathable, is light, warm and does not smell, so it is better than cotton underwear. They come with short and long sleeves.
- 5. W- Thermal Underwear Tights. The user can wear it under the pants only in very cold weather. They are not used very often in Greece.
- S-W – Fleece (jacket). It is a product of synthetic fibers of various thicknesses that has replaced the old sweater. It is lightweight, hot and hydrophobic and is the ideal solution combined with thermal underwear. It comes in various thicknesses and shapes (like a sweater, like cardigan, etc.). It is useful when it is cold.It is not recommended during walking but only during the stops.
- S-W – Insulated Jacket or Windbreaker Jacket. Insulated jacket, mainly used to provide heat during the stops, while the windbreaker jacket is used to deal with the air and must be made from breathable materials .
- S-W – Poncho – Waterproof jacket with a hood covering the entire body along with the user’s equipment(backpack etc)
- W – Gloves. They are necessary during the winter. From woolen or synthetic fabrics, must be covered with waterproof coating to prevent them from getting wet.
- W – Pipe shape neck warmer scarf. It has replaced the classic scarf. It is useful during winter climbing and protects the neck and the head from the cold.
- W – Ski hat. It protects head and ears from the cold.
- W – Balaklava. It is a special sleeve that covers the whole head, leaving only the eyes free. It is useful in the snow and in very cold weather.
- S – Hat. It is necessary during the summer.
- 14. S-W – Sunglasses. Necessary in the summer and in sunny snow terrain with sunny weather.
- S-W – Backpack – (depending on route, from 40 to 80 l) The little backpack is up to 40 liters which means up to 12 kilos of weight. The big backpack has wide straps for waist and shoulders, belts for ice axe and crampons, anatomic back, etc. and can hold up to 20 kilos of weight.
- W- Gaiters. They cover the leg, from the boot up to the knee, to prevent snow entrance. Mandatory in the snow but they are also useful in the muddy terrain to prevent the pants from getting dirty.
- S-W Trekking Poles. Similar to ski poles. They are telescopic with adjustable height according to the height of the user. Very useful especially when carrying a heavy backpack. They offer protection against falls on big downhill terrains and help the weight distribution on the upper body.
- W- Ice Axe. It is used for walking in snow and icy terrain. During transport, elastic hoods are required for its sharp edges.
- W-Crampons. Special nails placed under the boots for safely trekking on ice. During transport, elastic hoods are required for their sharp edges.
- W – Snow rackets. They are placed under the boots to prevent sinking in the snow. They have very little use in Greece.
- S-W -Water Bottle or Flask. They are made of special soft material with large capacities, 3-4 liters, which fit better in the backpack.
- S-W – Flashlight with backup batteries. LED flashlights have now replaced the classic old ones. For this type of flashlight there is no need for a spare lamp.
- S-W – Toilet paper. For known use.
- S-W – Brush. It is useful for cleaning the boots from mud at the end of the route, when the mud is still soft.
- S-W – Pocket knife – Cutlery. It is useful for food and small jobs. The Swiss knives style multipurpose tools are the most suitable.
- S-W – First Aid Kit.
- S-W – Sewing Kit.
- S-W – Nylon garbage bags. Suitable for wet clothes and other uses.
- S-W Food (depending on route). Ex. Bars, chocolate, nuts, pasta etc
S-W – Map of the area , Compass , Altimeter , Rope (20-40m. 6 mm) , Small binoculars , GPS , Whistle , Thermometer , Mobile phone
More than one day routes
For trekking more than one day and in case you need to camp in the countryside, the following are needed
S-W – Tent. If it is going to be carried in the backpack , check it’s weight
S-W – Matt. Foam matt or Self Inflating Matt
S-W – Sleeping bag. (Depends on the season)
S-W – Stove.
S-W – Kitchen utensils.
S-W – Storm Lighter – Storm Matches
The tables below show the clothing and equipment required by a hiker.
Depending on the r route there may be variations.
S for Summer ,W forWinter
OVERNIGHT CAMP –MORE THAN ONE DAY ROUTE (over and above)